The principles of Regenerative Agriculture, if well-designed and thought-through, concentrate on what’s essential. They help us develop practical solutions whether we’re growing veggies in a backyard in Wales, a community garden in Boston, fruit in a commercial orchard in Brazil, or running cattle in outback Australia!

The challenge is deciding which principles to apply.

The team at Learning from Nature has developed a set of principles enabling growers to tackle the root causes of their poor growing conditions, by combining their ingenuity with what science has deciphered from the evolved wisdom embedded in Nature, and the collective experiences of food growers around the world.[1]

Infographic ecological princples

Applying these principles, you will repair the ecosystems that can support your home or commercial food production.[2] You’ll get out of the trap of having “what practices should I use?” as your leading question, gaining the skills instead to develop place-based practical solutions suitable for your climate, other growing conditions and the food you grow. 

The Eco-logic behind these Principles

Ecosystems are complex, but repairing them is relatively straightforward because nutrient cycles, water cycles, and energy flow are the three key ecological functions that drive the action in our farms and gardens.[3] Virtually all of the natural resource issues holding us back are resolved by ‘regaining these ecological services’.

Icon illustrating nutrient cycle - part of what is regenerative farming and gardening

Nutrient Cycles

With repaired nutrient cycles, soil organisms recycle the nutrients in plant and animal waste materials, unlock nutrients from mineral particles, and make the nutrients available for plants to reuse.

Icon illustrating water cycle - part of what is regenerative farming and gardening

Water Cycles

Water cycles are enormous, but we can improve them by increasing water infiltration and storage in our soil, reducing water loss through evaporation, and getting excess water draining freely down through our soil to reduce waterlogging.

image showing solar energy

Energy Flow

Why do we only think of fertilisers when we want to grow more food? Plants capture and store solar energy using their photosynthetic panels. By growing more solar panels, we make more energy available for the plants, microbes, invertebrates and other animals running the ecosystems in our farms and gardens.

By recruiting plants, livestock, and other organisms to ‘build connections’ between the living and nonliving parts of our environment we create beneficial relationships enabling these ecological functions, enhancing the capacity of our ecosystems to effectively utilise the resources they make available and withstand unfavourable conditions.

Using plants, livestock, and other living organisms that do well in the growing conditions on our land, we ‘grow from our strengths’ using the ecological services they provide to repair our ecosystems. ‘Mimicking Nature’ we benefit from Nature’s expertise, and ‘co-creating with succession’, we develop productive, resilient, complex adaptive ecosystems capable of assisting us with decision-making!

Get Support Applying these Eco-logical Principles

Suggested articles –

  1. What is Regenerative Farming and Gardening
  2. How to Grow Food – Ecologically
  3. How to choose Regenerative Practices – that Work!

Or get help with applying the eco-logical principles in your garden or farm using our Eco-logical Farming and Gardening Handbooks.Front cover Eco-logical Gardening HandbookFront cover Ecological Farming Handbook

References – Principles of Regenerative Agriculture

[1] They are a work in progress. Any comments and suggestions – we’d love to hear from you – info[at]

[2] Wendy Seabrook, 2021, How to choose Regenerative Practices – that Work! Learning from Nature

[3] Wendy Seabrook, 2021, How to Grow Food – Ecologically, Learning from Nature

[4] Eugine P. Odium, 1971, Fundamentals of Ecology. Publ W.B. Saunders Company


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